№1 (33) : Педагогика. Психология
Раздел: ОБЩИЕ ВОПРОСЫ ПЕДАГОГИКИ И ПСИХОЛОГИИ
M.I.Garipov, А.А.Garipovа, G.M.MoukhamedyanovaNational language schools within the stream of innovations in a regional educational system 7
M.I.Garipov et al. state the goals and objectives of continuous innovations in the educational system of a region. Models of the national language school system evolution in Bashkortostan serve to analyze this process in general as well as examine typical curriculums for such schools. Much attentions is given to the way the RB offi-cial languages, Russian and Bashkir, are taught. Principles of a national language school evolution are indicated.
V.Yegoryshev, Kh.M.Akhmadoullina, L.V.Farkhutdinova, N.G.Khakhalkina, S.S.KhabirzyanovaModern trends in the formation of educational quality management system 25
The article gives the results of public opinion polls among parents, teachers, pu-pils and students of Ufa regarding the quality of educational services, because an edu-cational quality management system must be formed in the first place on the basis of consumer interests. Nowadays it is properly the quality of education that governs the competitive ability of educational institutions in the Russian Federation.
А.А.Volochkov, A.Yu.PopovHolistic activity of a subject of vital functions: conceptual model and ways of empiric studies The article is prepared with the assistance of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Fund, grants № 07-06-00528a; № 07-06-82635, a/U) 34
The concept «holistic activity of a subject of vital functions» is introduced and described; a conceptual model of holistic activity of a subject of vital functions is pre-sented as well as this model's structure and ways of empiric studies.
The article indicates the priority trends in the comparative studies in Russia: ex-amination of the potential of public educational policy; researches of education par-ticulars due to multiethnicity of the Russian society; theoretic justification of educa-tional quality level; analysis of modern foreign concepts regarding the new paradigm of school education, elaboration of theoretical footing for high school standard docu-ments regarding international level educational services; poylcultural education.
A.R.Koudashev, E.A.OlenevaInterpretations of reason for being in the structure of personal identity of psychology students 55
The article deals with formation and evolution of interpretations of reason for being of future psychologists within the framework of personal identity concept. It also describes the role and meaning of such interpretations in the vocational training of psychologists. Separate attention is given to the evolution of said interpretations in psychology students during their high school years.
G.G.Simoutkin, N.M.PopovaFrequency of seasonal affective disorder and its clinical features in schoolchildren 61
The article offers: – review of epidemiologic data on seasonal affective disorder (SAD) of children and adolescents cited in scientific literature and peculiar clinical picture of SAD in infancy; – results of research of 88 schoolchildren with Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (SPAQ-CA) as well as analysis of rhythm and degree of their seasonal sensitivity; – revealed peculiar rhythm of seasonal mood variations, vegetative, behavioral characteristics and secondary school results. These features are supposed to have con-nection with SAD.
Z.A.Khusnoutdinova, M.D.ToulyakovMedico-social and individual psychological aspects in the formation of addictive behavior in adolescents 69
Results of comprehensive study of the influence of medico-social and individ-ual psychological factors on formation and development of addictive behavior in adolescents. These results served as basis for elaboration of conceptual ap-proaches to the establishment of healthy life style for adolescents in educational environment.
The article discloses a difference between the notions «criteria» and «attributes» as applied to patriotic upbringing; it shows their methodological characteristics and pre-sents a well grounded classification of criteria and attributes of patriotic upbringing.
The paper considers the issues of consulting in the psychological service of an institution of higher education. It presents a classification of demands, complaints and requests for psychological assistance from students. Typical individual psychological features of students are revealed.
G.V.Moukhametzyanova, Z.G.MoustafinaAdvancement of a private higher education institution student as a subject of instructional and professional applications 94
The authors offer the results of research on the problems of advancement of a higher education institution student as a subject of instructional and professional ap-plications. They separate three key packages in the students' professional training, which provide for the optimal organization of educational process, subject-subject in-teraction between the students, teachers and the administration of an institution.
Раздел: ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ
L.AMikhailov, U.Z.Akhmadoullin, E.S.VasilyevPsychological and pedagogical approaches to the formation of qualities of a safe type personality 103
The paper considers the main components and general purposes for the for-mation of a safe type personality. It offers psychological and pedagogical grounds for the main objectives in the cultivation of safety culture in various age phases of personality formation.
T.V.Bendas, A.V.ShabayevaTolerance in the interpersonal contacts as indicator of personal culture 108
Bendas et al. regard tolerance as a personal capacity of unbiased attitude to a meaning differing from widespread stereotypes, and as a stabilizing factor in any hu-man community directing its relations to peaceful solutions and connecting the indi-viduals with their national traditions, norms and culture. The also analyze the ap-proaches of domestic and foreign authors to the problem of tolerance.
S.A.Bashkatov, R.R.VybornovInfluence of certain mental cognitive processes on the mindset formation in psychology students 119
The paper explores the problem of subject integral alteration prior to activity at the intersection of theories of major domestic psychologists: mindset theory by D.N.Uznadze and integral individuality theory by V.S.Merlin. The authors introduce the notion of spontaneous mindset, characterize the mindset formation mechanism at the sight of figures with various geometry. They also describe the peculiar influence of certain mental cognitive processes on the mindset formation rate
The paper examines the attitude of the well-known American writers T.Dreiser and S.Anderson to the theory and methods of psychoanalysis and to their creator Z.Freud. They analyze imaginative models of the unconscious created by the writers in their works.
R.Sh.Tsaryova, S.A.TsaryovPedagogical essence of constructive communications in the educational process 145
The article considers the notion of «constructive communications», discloses the principles of constructive communications, their mechanism and theoretical basis. The authors present the results of their own research on the measurement of changes in communicative faculties in students of pedagogical disciplines and their motivations; underline the role of educational institution in the formation of constructive communica-tions; suggest a model for the formation of commitment to constructive communications.
Раздел: ТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ
The paper analyzes the development of professional, social and cultural commu-nication ability in a foreign language and mastering of professional field terminology during the vocational training in a non-philological college. The author analyzes her own system of foreign language training in a non-philological college, discloses the peda-gogical conditions for the progress of professional, social and cultural communication abil-ity of future specialists as one of the most important features of a competitive professional.
R.R.ZinatoullinaCriteria and attributes of psychological safety of an educational medium 163
In this article the author offers a definition of psychological safety, indicates the ap-proaches to disclose the notion of educational medium, gives a psychological analysis of the main parameters of educational medium, which bases upon the interpersonal theory.
The article puts the question of the role of formation of comprehension of the value of studies in primary schoolchildren. The author discusses the specific situation of teacher+pupil joint activity. She analyzes the results of employment of developing education system; indicates the conditions necessary for the formation of comprehen-sion of the value of studies; considers the principles to be used to incorporate the pedagogical content into the joint instructional activity of a teacher and pupil and those psychological advancement effects, which concern the problem of common activ-ity of a teacher and pupil in the practice of developing education.
The author discusses the issue of the formation of psychological readiness of a PE and sports specialist to the professional activity. He suggests a model of psychological competence making use of certain requirements of knowledge and skills as well as per-sonal and performance characteristics a PE and sports specialist is supposed to have.
Ya.V.SpiridonovConceptual premises for the phenomenon of conflict congruence 193
The author introduces the notion «conflict congruence», which reflects an impor-tant condition for constructive functionality of an interpersonal conflict, and gives a struc-tural / dynamic characteristic to the phenomenon.
Раздел: ДИСКУССИИ И ОБСУЖДЕНИЯ
The paper examines the advantages of pedagogical technologies over methods; it pre-sents a classification of pedagogical technologies and discusses the ways of their elaboration. It also describes PBL as one of the modern pedagogical technologies.
The author presents the main views on the role of a manager in the process of organizational culture formation. She indicates the administrative methods of its sus-tenance and improvement and underlines specific importance of axiological approach in the management of an educational institution expressed in the managerial style. Democratic way of management is proclaimed as one of the main principles of public policy in education. The implementation of this principle is concatenated with a series of problems induced by the complicated character of social changes, which affected all spheres of the modern Russian society, including education sphere.
Раздел: ЗА РУБЕЖОМ
This work includes a wide review of various programs for quitting tobacco use among young people. It shows which ways appear to be the most effective considering methods, reinforcements, motivation, number of sessions, organizational factors and solutions for tobacco use cessation among young people in schools.
R.Klarus, R.JanssenA Model of Competence-based learning Teachers 211
The competence model used emphasises the connection between cognitive and knowledge aspects on the one hand and skills, the socio-emotional and affective per-sonal aspects of competence on the other. Competence profiles, assessment of compe-tencies independent of the educational route and an individualised training pro-gramme form the cornerstones of the training model. Particular attention is paid to the development of standards in the form of competence profiles and competence indica-tors.
M.BouchardSimplicity, patience, compassion 221
People who have tremendous knowledge but fail to communicate it; people who have, on paper, a great lesson, but whose students are bored or frustrated. Good teaching often has less to do with our knowledge and skills than with our attitude to-wards our students, our subject, and our work.
I.ShamgounovAudition as a means of teaching Arabic (for foreigners) 224
In the situations of real communication we have to listen a lot, and the degree of ex-actness and completeness of information acquisition may determine our subsequent actions.
S.A.MesnikovichProblem of personal moral development in the context of health psychology 226
The paper states the possibility of disclosure of a person's moral through the imaginative perception as well as additional information. Thereupon a special interest presents the study of students' behavior, their need for collective recognition and self esteem expressed in their speech. The author presents the results of an educatory ex-periment on development of the students' moral ideals through imaginative percep-tion within the framework of teaching the basic psychology courses and extramural activity.
The paper introduces a notion «basic culture of pupils» as an orienting point of modern education. The author considers the functions of personal general culture, the role of psychological service in the formation of psychological culture of pupils, offers grounds for the necessity to elaborate and include into school curricula the courses having to do with the psychological aspect of humanology.