№3 (35) : Философия. Социология. Политология
Section: THEORIES AND METHODOLOGY IN SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN SCEINCES
R.Yu.Rakhmatoullin, L.V.Safronova, T.R.RakhmatoullinImage as an epistemological category: definition problems 6
The authors investigate a difficult task to define one of the widely employed con-cepts in epistemology and psychology – 'the image'. Reasoning from the logical rules of scientific definition they state the incorrectness of many definitions of 'image' exist-ing in science and philosophy that render it indistinguishable from 'sign', 'sound', 'sen-sation', 'theory' and other forms of reflectivity. A new definition is offered, which claim the image to be the integrative quality of an aggregate of visual signals, which is sub-jectively felt as modalities structurally identical to the object itself being reflected. This definition serves as the basis for a new classification of images.
A.V.LoukyanovMetempiric and transcendental in morality 15
The paper examines the metempiric and the transcendental in morality. The au-thor presents his grounds for the idea that the metempiric exists irrespective of the moral experience but is at the same time its necessary criterion. Meanwhile, within the transcendental approach morality may be interpreted as a phenomenon conditioned by extra social factors and it is in demand in the society.
М.А.PushkaryovaThe idea of language philosophy: metempiric aspect 19
The author, elaborating on the idea of language philosophy, dwells on the main thought that metempiric aspect of language activity, the aspect of impact on the inter-locutor through a word is related to the reflexion over the method of action-thought itself. In this connection the reflexion over the implicit aspect of language activity dis-closes the spiritual history of a person/nation.
In this paper Kudryashov offers the study of the place and role of the principle of Unity in the system of methodological principles in Fichte's philosophy. He shows that this principle establishes the Unity within a system of relatively self-contained ele-ments, whose inclusion itself in this particular system indicates their certain common-ness. He also discovers the correspondence of Fichte's principle of Unity to the mod-ern idea of the universal.
The paper deals with the history of Russian cosmism as philosophy making part and parcel of the world cosmism. Cosmism is understood as the idea of the world as a live organism with all its parts interrelated, one of which is a culture, as the Russian culture, for example, based on the worldview of spiritual unity of human beings, man-kind and the Universe in their relation to the Creator and creation. Russian cosmism is the basis of the Russian millennial metaculture, where the world is viewed not only in its available entity but also as 'obliged-to-be'.
Yu.Yu.KomlevThe sociology of deviant behavior in Russia 34
The paper reviews the formation of domestic sociological studies in deviant be-havior, analyzes the specific features of this process, and examines the devianto¬logical problems, which interest domestic sociologists.
The article analyzes the approaches to the understanding of the sustained social development concept, which presupposes harmonization and optimization of inter¬relations between human beings, society and nature in the present historical period and is impossible without a new socialization model. This model should be dynamic, variable, advanced, and pointed at the creative fulfillment of every generation.
The author analyzes the process of globalization in the modern world, the influence of cosmopolitism on the culture and ideology of countries, and on their nationalities policy. He also examines the state of cultural and moral wealth as well as patriotic awareness of the Russian people and formulates the immediate aims of patriotic upbringing in the country.
Section: APPLICATION ASPECTS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY AND ITS REGIONS
V.A.AkhmadoullinIslamic factor in the foreign policy of the USSR and Russian Federation 54
The recent years show a significant rise in the interest to religious issues. Islam is no exception and this concerns not only dogmatic matter but also the history of this religion. Many interesting and instructive things in this case may be found in the re-cent past of our country. V.A.Akhmadoullin analyzes the ambiguous trends of interre-lations of the USSR and Russian Federation with the Moslem world.
The paper offers a conceptual definition of political culture, indicates the ways of its formation in the modern Russian society, and shows the factors influencing its perfection and the role of the State in this process. The author cites the data of his own sociological research, formulates certain conclusions and suggestions, which might be useful in the work on the formation of the Russian political culture.
The paper dwells on the social role and responsibility of business, analyzes the historical experience of foreign countries in this field. The author also analyzes the role of the Russian Government and associations of industrialists in the efforts to bring the social responsibility of business to a higher level.
К.А.Dallakian, N.K.Fattykhova, А.К.DallakianManagement of a capital city image in the globalization era 74
Globalization era brings up the challenge of preserving a country's identity. The key role in this process belongs to the country's capital. The spring up of modern in-formation society makes it the task of the day to form and manage the city image that nowadays has an ever growing role in the country's development as a whole. The pa-per analyzes the objective parameters of a capital city (holding Moscow as an exam-ple) and the ways of its image formation in the eyes of internal and external public.
М.А.Gazizov, Kh.М.Akhmadoullina, L.V.FarkhoutdinovaThe public opinion of city dwellers on the problems of educational system organization in Ufa 82
Social studies serve to Gazizov et al. to examine the assessment of the educa-tional system in Ufa by teachers, pupils and their parents, to describe its trends and problems and the respondents' attitude to them.
The authors analyze the activity of the Republic of Bashkortostan State Assembly (Kurultay) aimed at the formation of a qualified positive public opinion on the work of the republican legislative authority. The opinion surveys they back up with make it possible for the authors to evaluate the efficiency of these forms of activity and dwell on their potential improvement.
D.S.Toneva, Kh.P.Kaloferov, K.P.ТonevaOrigin and development of social audit 95
The paper explores the processes of origination and further development of so-cial audit (if we take the ruling of Chow dynasty in China in 700 B.C. as starting point) exemplified in France, Italy and England and its contemporary development in Bulgaria and Russia.
The author examines the prospects of introduction of social audit in Bulgaria. She analyzes the existing European experience in the use of social audit, which in-creases the efficiency of business management in social aspect. Introduction of social audit in the developing Bulgarian market economy will result in its faster integration into EC and reaching the European criteria will increase credibility of foreign inves-tors towards the country.
H.Landier, B.MerckPractical organization of social audit 103
Irrespective of the object of social audit, the auditor must have a detached judgment; he must proceed from the idea that any infraction would be a professional error. Hence there are three consecutive phases of social audit: preparation, proce-dure and result announcement.
Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS
The paper examines the main problems in maintaining the quality of profes-sional formation in privately run higher educational institutions. The author explains why such institutions, being fully fit for the task, sometimes fail to meet the modern re-quirements in training process organization, teaching aid equipment and introduction of new educational technologies.
he author gives a trend comparison in the world and at home in the develop-ment of state run and privately run sectors of vocational secondary education as a pre-text to analyze certain problems of functional and developmental nature in domestic privately run branch.
N.V.VoronkovaLegal personal liberty in a civil society 120
The author considers the philosophic and juridical content in the concept of «le-gal personal liberty», substantiates the idea of the widest possible legal liberty for a person in a civil society, and reveals the specific features of a civil society as the ob-jective basis for the legal personal liberty.