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..YevdokimovaMax Weber on the specific features of the western European medieval town 5

The paper relates the views by the well-known German socilogist M.Weber on the sources of rationalism of european civilization. The author analyzes his works The City and Economy and Society (Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft), separating the differences between oriental and occidental city on the one hand, and antique and medieval city on the other hand.

S..SevastyanovDevelopment and spread of Western type culture as the basis of modern global civilization (historic review) 10

The paper is an attempt to review historically the dominant position of the Western type culture in the modern world and to analyze the prospects of cultural development in the XXI century. The author has discovered the relevance of such research, when preparing and reading a course of lectures for the Culturology subject.

L..YamayevaParticipation of the Muslim population in Ufa and Orenburg guberniyas in the elections to the State Duma (19061917) 15

The paper reviews the course and results of pre-election campaigns for all four State Duma elections among Muslim population in Ufa and Orenburg guberniyas. The author analizes the causes of best organization and activity of Muslims that led to the formation of a faction of their own in the Russian parliament.

.S.VereshchaghinStudies of battlefield engagements in the Civil War (regional aspect) 22

The paper analizes the trends in the domestic historiography of the Civil War taking the Urals region as an example. Special emphasis is laid on the current coverage of battle-field engagements during the Civil War and the state of knowledge of their certain aspects.

N..GalimoullinaPropagandistic impact on the USSR Armed Forces in 19411945: main forms 29

The author endeavors to show the ways the Federal power, various power structures, and political establishment acted during Chechenyan armed conflict in 19941996, as well as to examine peculiar decision-making technique behind the major military and political issues, general environment and poliitcal atmosphere, which influenced the results of hosti-lities. The emphasis is laid upon the character of administrative decisions, forms and methods of power enforcement in the extraordinary conditions of military conflict in Chechnya.

N.N.RazouvayevaRussian political power in the military conflict in Chechnya in 19941996 35

The author endeavors to show the ways the Federal power, various power structures, and political establishment acted during Chechenyan armed conflict in 19941996, as well as to examine peculiar decision-making technique behind the major military and political issues, general environment and poliitcal atmosphere, which influenced the results of hosti-lities. The emphasis is laid upon the character of administrative decisions, forms and methods of power enforcement in the extraordinary conditions of military conflict in Chechnya

R.I.YakupovEthnoses and ethnicity in early XIX century 47

The paper reports the ethnologists response to the modified object of their research. The author considers ethnoses and ethnicity development trends throughout the history, with examples from Russia and elswhere. He offers a methodological approach to the mo-dern state of ethnicity, ethnic processes and their reflections in the mind of a researcher.

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P..KosintsevResults of attribution of osseous materials from the settlement of Novo-Bayramgoulovo (excavations of 2004) 52

The paper presents the type and lifespan attributions and descriprtion of os-seous materials from the settlement of Novo-Bayramgoulovo (Bakshay sanctuary) in the Uchyaly District of the Republic of Bashkortostan. It also contains a sugges-tion of the settlement houshold arrangement and results of radiocarbon dating for animal bones.

L.N.PlekhanovaPaleopedological research in the archaeological memorial The settlement of Novo-Bayramgoulovo (Bakshay) situated in the Bashkir Transural Region 56

The paper presents morphological characteristics of soils in the Novo-Bayramgoulovo settlement (Bakshay sanctuary) in the Uchyaly District of the Republic of Bashkortostan. It holds the description of cultural layers with different properties and origin as a result of different anthropogenic activity. The author also outlines future excavations in the memorial, which could reveal the phases of its peopling or various ways of the land practical use

Ya.V.RafikovaCeramics in the settlement of Novo-Bayramgoulovo (excavations of 2004) 69

The author reviews the ceramics found in the Novo-Bayramgoulovo settlement (Bakshay sanctuary) in the Uchyaly District of the Republic of Bashkortostan. She in-dividualizes nine cultural-chronological groups of ceramics and gives their quantita-tive, technological and morphological characteristics. Tables show statistic data on ceramics distribution in reference levels

N.V.Korobov, V.I.LoutovinovWar Heritage Hunting as an important form of patriotism and military history awareness formation in the young generation 76

The article reviews the main trends and forms of War Heritage Hunting, ist im-portance in the formation of patriotism and military history awareness in the young generation of nowadays.

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.S.TasmagambetovThe features of Dawah in Kazakhstan before the XIX century 82

The paper relates the history of Dawah in the Kazakhstan territory. The author analyzes the principles, specific features and periods of this process. He shows the nomadic society influence on the process, determines the role and positions of Dawah subjets in the Steppe. The progress of Dawah in Kazkhstan is described in the context of domestic and foreign political events in various periods. Gradual qualitative chan-ges of Islamism among the Kazakhs are shown: from early syncretic forms in the peri-od in question to a broader perception of its canonic forms. Essential features of steppe Islam are disclosed.

X. Le TorrivellecEthnonational practice and culture in the Volga-Urals region in the 1960s1970s 90

The author turns to the historical analysis of the governemntal domestic nati-onal policy in the Volga-Urals region. He underlines that starting from the 60s the Soviet society saw the increase of personal autonomy that resulted in ethnic resur-rection and expanded national identity. The author arrives at the conclusion of dif-ferent ways of ethinc group autonomization in the majority of Western democracies and in Russia.

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N..Yefremova-ShershoukovaOn the issue of organized education of the German population of Kazakhstan in their mother tongue (19501980) 107

The author analyzes the efforts of Kazakhstan authorities to organize native lan-guage schools for the Germans deported in the region during the Great Patritotic War and presents her reasons for poviding teachers of German now with a domestic degree for the German schools in the Republic.

D.N.KouleshovPeriodization of the recent migrational history in Bashkortostan 112

The paper presents the first attempt to build a systemic periodization scheme of the recent migrational history in Bashkortostan, which would embrace a period from late XIX to early XXI c. The basis of such scheme is a visible difference in migrational characteristics, e.g.: migration type, results, geographic trends of migrational flows etc