№3 (41): Филология
Section: GENERAL PHILOLOGICAL THEORY
The article presents certain observations and considerations on to-day’s ethnolinguistic situation in Daghestan with reference to the unique polyethnic and polylinguistic profile of this peculiar land. Special emphasis is laid on bilinguism, which plays the key ethnopolitical role in the life of society and is a certain standard of national identity and national dignity as well as criterion of national sovereignty.
B.T.GaneyevLanguage and ‘nihil’ (zero signs and zero referents) 15
The paper dwells on one of the questions in the philosophy of lan-guage – relationship between the language and nihil. The author gives brief historic review of earlier western and eastern philosophers’ and theolo-gists’ views on the not-being and nihil and their interrelation with the exis-tence, starting from the analysis of nihil in Plato’s «Sophist». He also ex-amines several other relative ontological and epistemological aspects, in particular the theory of objects by Meinong. He then gives the example of nihil manifestation as a zero sign described by C.Bailly and discloses the coherence of something and nihil with «speech and language» dichotomy.
The paper focuses on speech interpretation in terms of synergetics and neurophysiology. A brief characteristic of various concepts shows the complexity and disambiguate of word semantics behavior.
Section: SPECIAL QUESTIONS IN LINGUISTICS AND LITERARY STUDIES
F.Kh.GaripovaPractical aspects of language policy: term creation 34
The paper examines term creation, which constitutes a deliberate impact of the society on language development. The author singles out both internal and external resources of any language vocabulary update adding a comment that assimilation of a word depends on the frequency of its use.
Iu.M.KamilyanovaThe oeuvre of B.K.Zaitsev in the context of Russian literary tradition 40
The paper reviews the main trends in the writings of Boris Konstanti-novich Zaitsev in the years 1900–1920. The emphasis is placed on the for-mation of the realistic short story style in his early prose, which stemmed from his neorealistic quest of the previous period. The author reveals the way of the writer’s self-actualization in the short novel «Blue Star» and the novel «Golden Tracery».
M.I.MagomedovGenetic affinity of Daghestan languages (archetypal vocabulary) 48
The paper analyzes the vocabulary of Daghestan languages, their re-lation to the other languages of Ibero-Caucasian family and mutual genetic bonds; multiple examples are given in proof of the existence of Common Daghestan protolanguage.
The paper explores the problem of delimitation of occasionality and potentiality in poetical word creation, presents various linguistic view-points on the matter. The author offers his own understanding of the term «nonce word».
In the paper, exploratory in nature, the author analyzes the demon-strative pronouns of the Bashkir language within the vast comparative do-main of similar phenomena in the Ural-Altaic, Nostratic and other lan-guage macrofamilies.
L.K.PutykevichSatire in the artistic systems of Ch.Dickens and F.M.Dostoievsky 63
The paper offers comparative-typological analysis of Ch.Dickens’s and F.M.Dostoyevsky’s satire, which reveals similarity in the targets of sat-ire and methods of their depiction stemming from fundamental ideological af-finity of ethic, aesthetic and moral positions of these writers.
The paper analyzes the main approaches to the study of concepts; it presents, in particular, the basic interpretations of the term itself, its types, structure and nuclear-peripherical organization of concept. Furthermore, the author claims the necessity of comprehensive interdisciplinary research of concepts.
G.N.Sergeieva-KhlebnikovaVisualization of poetic expression means as a method of advertising communication 86
The paper offers the examination of visualized means of poetic ex-pression as methods to improve the emotional, aesthetic, and communica-tive advertising appeal in nowadays conditions, when advertising commu-nication shifts from demonstrational-evidentiary to expressive-imagerial impact on the audience.
The article analyzes stylistic features in the language of modern German media, and the author notes that the concept becoming central nowadays is in-tertextuality, i.e. the use of proverbs and sayings, which undergo deformation in the printed matter, and she gives a classification of such deformations.
The paper presents an unconventional approach to semantic deriva-tion. The author proposes to use the elements of word formation theory in the studies of polisemy development.
S.М.KhantimirovExtralinguistic component of word semantics 104
The paper deals with the problem of word semantics description: the disadvantages of purely linguistic view on the linguistic meaning character-istics and advantages of the extralinguistic view; the importance of ‘frame’ concept for the modern linguistic studies, its content conditioning the word semantics on the basis of both linguistic and extralinguistic factors.
A.B.ShevninGeneral, or universal, erratology 110
The paper offers the arguments in favor of introduction of a new di-rection in the paradigm of linguistic studies – erratology, as the theory of errors, and general erratology, as the basis for applied research in various domains (linguistics, methodology, translation etc.).
The paper offers the examination of certain issues in the history of the Kazakh language formation. The author indicates that this matter should be treated in close connection with the evolution history of lan-guages and dialects of a series of stirpses, tribes and tribal alliances. He also offers arguments in favor of the idea that the language material itself serves as the source of historical data on the Kazakh language develop-ment.
G.К.KhasanovOn studies of lexical syntagmatics in Kazakh linguistics 129
The paper presents the studies of syntagmatics and types of para-digmatic systemic bonds in the Kazakh language vocabulary. The author relates the views of the Kazakh linguists on the matter, analyzes their arti-cles and monographs, and notes that the studies of syntagmatic peculiari-ties of the Kazakh vocabulary remains an interesting object that awaits its explorers.
Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS
Е.V.BreachalovaOn the problem of automatic fragmentation of Korean text 136
The article focuses on one specific problem of automatic syntactic analysis of a modern Korean text, i.e. buildup of certain assistant syntactic flagging. Such flagging is viewed by the author as a convenient initial position for further text analysis, whose final objective is its full semantic-syntactic interpretation.
S.M.VasikovaAnthroponymic field in V.M.Shukshin’s short stories 144
The author in this paper explores the composition of anthroponyms in V.M.Shuksin’s short stories. She explains the meaning of onomastic terms, functions of proper nouns in said short stories, their structure; gives de-tailed analysis of anthroponymic categories and illustrative material. She also examines alternative names, polynimy cases, different variants of an-trhoponymic units in said short stories.
Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS
E.V.KyrzhinakovaComparative construction with the word ‘oskhas’ in the modern Khakas language 150
The paper offers the analysis of one of the types of comparative con-structions in the modern Khakas language: the construction with the word ‘oskhas’. A good deal of examples serves the author to prove her idea that the word in question is half way in its evolution from an independent word to a link-word.
Section: PERSONAL DAYS IN HISTORY
Tregoubova I.N.To the 200-th anniversary of N.V.Gogol 157