№6 (44): История

CONTENTS

Section: THEORIES IN HISTORICAL SCIENCE

А.S.VereshchaghinCritics and partisans of eurasianism: contemporary trends and interpreters 4

The paper reviews the main trends in contemporary interpretation and criticism of certain notions of Eurasian idea. Special attention is paid to the «discontinuity» of conceptual structures of classical eurasianism.

V.N.KudryashevA.I.Herzen on the national processes in Europe and Russia in the 40–60s of the XIX century 15

The paper presents the view of one of the originators of Russian socialism A.I.Herzen on the social and national processes in the second half of the XIX c., which offered the possibility to talk of mismatching development algorithms of Slavonic and German-Latin worlds. The author analyzes the project of national-state structure in the post-imperial Russia put forward by A.I.Herzen.

V.I.LoutovinovDevelopment of patriotic idea in the history of Russian national thought (since the beginning of the XIX century) 23

The paper analyzes the «Russian idea» with patriotism as its key component. The genesis and development of the patriotic idea in the XIX c. is viewed through the confrontment of Slavophilism and Westernism. The author examines the evolution of patriotic idea in the XX c. and in modern times.

A.Yu.SouslovSocialist Revolutionaries and Mensheviks in historical consciousness of the Russian society: evolution of character 39

The article explores the main evolutional phases of the Russian (Soviet) historical consciousness regarding the socialist parties: Socialist Revolutionaries and Mensheviks – from hostile image to the discreet and to a large extent mythologized modern interpretations.

S.А.TyushkevichCivic upbringing lessons of the Great War 45

The author, analyzing multiple documents, facts, researches of military historians, and basing on his immense individual life experience, also in the lines, formulates the lessons of the Great Patriotic War, which serve him as the foundation for defining the main trends in upbringing of the contemporary young people.

Section: HISTORICAL RESERCH: RESULTS AND PROSPECTS

V.D.LazarevRussia and Germany: hostility or realization of national interests? (to the 70-th anniversary of Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) 62

The article is an endeavor of historical conceptualization of the 1939 non-aggression treaty between the USSR and Germany. In corroboration of his conclusions the author cites the account of the top-ranking German eyewitness of 1939 events H.Hilger and comments of the well-known Russian historian N.Naroch¬nitskaya.

S.A.SevastyanovSocial-enlightening activity of zemstvo (elective provincial council) offices in the Guberniya of Ufa in the late XIX – early XX centuries 66

The paper is an endeavor to review the activity of local administration institutions: zemstvos in the Uyezds and Guberniya of Ufa in the late XIX – early XX c., in the field of public health, education and social care. The topicality of the issue stems from the need to develop better social policy in the contemporary Russian Federation and improve the perfor¬mance of regional administrations in this matter, including the Republic of Bashkortostan.

V.K.FyodorovThe plight of A.P.Friesen, the postcard editor from Davlekanovo: (following the criminal case of 1930) 73

The paper presents the study of the criminal case opened in 1930 against Abram Petrovich Friesen, a postcard editor from the Bashkir village of Davlekanovo, on a charge of anti-Soviet agitation. The author assesses the quality of investigation and marks its brevity, gross carelessness and blunders. Most valuable in the case materials are biographical data on A.P.Friesen, which are not available from other sources.

M.Z.KhabibullinContribution of teachers of the Kazan Ecclesiastical Academy to the studies of history, languages and ethnography of non-Russian ethnoses in the Volga Region and Transurals in 1854–1881 84

The paper relates the self-sacrificing activity of teachers from the missionary divisions of the Kazan Ecclesiastical Academy in the matter of studying history, languages, ethnography of non-Russian ethnoses of the Volga Region and Transurals in 1854–1881. The author traces the history of these divisions, presents short biographies of the leading teachers, whose studies are indispensable for the understanding of interethnic relations in contemporary Russia.

S.A.ShirinkinRemember every moment of history (for the 25-th anniversary of the Ufa Air Force Pilot Academy) 92

The author, basing on the history of the Ufa Air Force Pilot Academy, reflects upon the importance and need to be armed with historical experience in training the military personnel and preserve historical memory, as well as upon the role of historical memory in the patriotic education of the nation.

Section: ABROAD

Suzi WeissmanVictor Serge: A Man for our Time 99

This essay is adapted from a section of a paper S.Weissman delivered at a July, 2008 conference on Trotsky’s legacy. She analyzes the ideas of Victor Serge (1890–1947) (pseud. of V.L.Kibalchich – remote relative of N.I.Kibalchich, member of Narodnaya Volya), Russian revolutionary, functionary of Communist Party and Comintern, member of the Left Opposition emigrated from the USSR in 1936, who criticized in his books the USSR authorities of his time for severe deviation from the ideals of 1917 revolution, one-party system, default of authentic democracy and individual political freedom, stranglehold of bureaucracy and authoritarism etc. and already in the 40s called for the renewal of socialism. The author concludes that the ideas of Victor Serge are outstandingly turned on, because both in the old democracies and in the countries that recently joined the ranks (including Russia) the democratic ideals are still far from implementation to any reasonably full-fledged extent.

S.T.RysbekovaReligious organizations of Kazakhstan in the political environment of the 1920s–1930s 110

The article explores formation of the new policy of the Soviet State towards religion and church in Kazakhstan at the initial period of socialist transformations.

А.О.TselishchevSocial-democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the Ruhr Crisis of the Government of H.Müller 117

The article explores the circumstances and repercussions of the labor controversy in Ruhr (Germany) in 1928, which greatly influenced the economic and political situation in the Weimar Republic on the eve the world economic crisis and fully revealed the weakness of the Republican regime.

Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS

N.A.Yefremova-ShershoukovaSoviet ethnic Germans in pre-war Kazakhstan 125

The paper explores the influence of political and agrarian transformations performed by the Bolsheviks in the first years of Soviet Power on all aspects of political, public and cultural life of the German expat community in Kazakhstan.

N.А.KasyanovFeatures of local administration in the rural after-reform Russia in the 60s of the XIX century 134

The paper describes the process of make-up of peasant self-administration in Russia after the reform of 1861: features of every phase, structure and legal basis.

N.P.SvezhentsevaDevelopment of delivery contract legislation in Russia (early XVII – late XX c.) 139

The article is about the history of Russian delivery contract legislation. According to the author, in late XIX – early XX c. Russia had the most elaborated theory of delivery contract, which was lately revised under the influence of West European law, whereas the know-how of domestic juridical thought was for the most part lost.