№3 (47): Филология
Section: GENERAL PHILOLOGICAL THEORY
The article raises the problems of morphological reconstruction related to the plane of content. The author proposes resorting to the typology of mor-phologic changes (based on case studies of Ural-Altaic and Dagestan lan-guages) as a way to surmount the disambiguates in morphologic reconstruc-tion.
The article, being the second in the series dealing with the phenomenon of “nothingness” in terms of linguistics, contains the triad of types of noth-ingness, presents the views of G.Frege on the blank signs; analyzes the con-cept of “kenoma” from epistemological and functional points of view and certain linguistic means that express the zero reference, as well as the extent of expression of nothingness.
The paper explores the laws and mechanisms in the understanding of various types of texts (media, fiction and scientific works). Special attention is paid to the integrative concept of text by A.Novikov, which permits to study the real in search of the ideal.
The paper offers the ethno-psycholinguistic interpretation of fundamen-tal notions, which accompanies the studies of processes of mastering and use of language in a polylingual environment. The author expects that a brief analysis of available theoretic material on the issue will permit to avoid the terminological confusion in the description of experimental data and clarify the content of certain key concepts.
Section: SPECIAL QUESTIONS IN LINGUISTICS AND LITERARY STUDIES
The paper is an endeavor to fill the gap in the study of inner speech in fiction within the framework of linguistic genderology. The author basing on the scientifically proven physiological and psychological difference between men and women shows the peculiarities of their inner speech on the informa-tive-thematic, morphological and syntactical levels.
The paper raises the questions of interaction of the Dagestan lan-guages and the Russian that arouses ever closer interest of linguists, demographers, ethnologists, sociologists, philosophers. The authors come to the conclusion that a local “Law on the languages in the Republic of Dages-tan” shall be passed, not conflicting with the Federal legislation and alongside with that a target program on the preservation, development and functioning of the languages of Dagestan ethnoses.
The author makes a point that consistent functioning of the grammati-cal opposition ‘ alienable/inalienable possession’ may solely be encountered in one among the Caucasian languages: the Adyghe language. That is why it is of certain scientific interest to take it as a case study for the analysis of cer-tain semantic aspects and of formal means for explicit expression of posses-siveness.
The paper explores the process of text understanding basing on the passage from its lexico-grammatical structure to the structure of contents, examines the main phases and conditions of text formalization, analyzes the options to formalize a popular science text and demonstrates an example of grammatical and semantic explication of texts.
The paper presents a brief review of phases in German romanticism development and an endeavor to show how the early romanticist Novalis subdues the opposition “finite-infinite” in his unfinished novel “Heinrich von Ofterdingen” as is illustrated by the principal character Heinrich: the ex-perience he gained during his wanderings in search of the Blue Flower, the symbol of the Golden Age, meetings with finite persons, knowledge acquired from the poet Klingsohr and love of a woman revealed the infinity of a poet in him, capable to learn the world of harmony, the unknown and the arcane, thus synthesizing the finite and the infinite in himself.
The article pools the experience of field observations by the author over the live multilingual speech of mixed Turkic-Iranian population in the historical region of Samarkand and Bukhara gained in the course of station-ary linguistic practice for students organized by the Oriental Department at the Philological Faculty of the M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The paper present the author’s Concept of foreign language teaching in a non-linguistic college in terms of training of future professionals for practice-oriented communication. The author presents her rationale for the timely character of this educational trend, the main ideas behind the Concept, its contents, goals and objectives.
The article analyses the ways of expression of the main modal and evi-dential meanings in the Khanty language, which is known for the overlapping of functional-semantic fields of modality and evidentiality. Much attention is paid to the forms of expression of evidentiality: verbal forms of the past tense (with –m) and present/future tense (with –t).
The paper presents the analysis of “Golden Tracery”: one of B.K.Zaitsev’s novels written in the emigration period, the time of his forma-tion as a novelist. The author attempts to show certain narrative features of the novel, certainly stemming from its genre.
The paper explores the morphological phenomena in the modern Rus-sian language, describes certain complicacies in modern accidence, as well as trends in official style and social/political essays. The material reflects the communicative and normative aspects of speech culture.
The articles describe the image of Russia and the Russians as it is represented in domestic media. The author notes that this image is controversial and prevailing negative statements harm the reputation of the country. The author calls for elaboration of the concept aimed at representing Russia as a country with highly developed culture, splendid history and bright future.
The article raises the problem of the right of poet-creator for experiment in the field of coinage of new words. Where does the word coinage bring the poet, “Father of Words” – to”transreason” or”unreason”? How much worthwhile is the commitment to ostentatious breach of language ste-reotypes? These are the questions the article’s authors try to answer in their analysis of V.Khlebnikov’s oeuvre.
The article analyzes the English complex sentences (proposemes) in terms of formal logic. The author thinks that the analyzed constructions are complex expositions, which in their modality may be alethic, apodictic and assertoric. He also underlines that such sentences play an important role in the formation of semantic core of a text.
The paper reviews the features of contemporary anthropocentric cogni-tive paradigm in linguistics, which examines the relations between language and ethnos being formed within the ethno-linguistic environment. The author also surveys various viewpoints on linguistic identity.
The article deals with the problem of word semantics description in cognitive aspect, in the framework of multilayer theory of word meaning, which presupposes involvement not only linguistic but also extralinguistic knowledge. Basing on the principles of frame analysis of lexical unit seman-tics the author singles out the slots and analyzes their content. The material for the studies are German verbs of gustatory perception.
The article presents the results of research in one of lexico-semantic groups of the Khanty language: verbs of motion, which has not yet been the subject of full-scale study. The author gives the main inventory of verbs of motion in Khanty and outlines the premise of further differentiation within the group (basing on similar classifications in other languages, Russian in par-ticular).
The paper describes linguistic situation in Estonia, which serves as the basis for intercultural communication between its two national communities: Russian and Estonian. The author outlines the urgent problems and proposes eventual ways out of current situation.
The paper present comparative analysis of excerpts taken from the folk-lore of non-kindred language-speaking peoples: Slavic and Turkic. The au-thor considers this approach feasible because the representants of Altaic and Indo-European language families had many cultural links in ancient history period. Taking Russian fairy-tales and Uighur Dastans she finds out parallels in imagery system and motifs. Comparison of pieces of popular prose shows affinity on worldview of Slavic and Turkic people.
Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS
The paper treats one of linguistic problems: interrelation of syntactic notions of text and discourse. The author presents the brief case history, gives comparative content analysis of these terms. She also challenges the feasibil-ity of both terms to be used as synonyms and defines the individual features of their functioning.
The paper analyzes the folklore-ethnographic aspects of the lyrical po-etry of Altaians. On the basis of works by Sh.P.Shatinov and T.B.Shinzhin the author explores the imagery system and ways of poetic portrayal of material and spiritual culture of Altaians. She notes that the poets’ images and per-sona concentrate ethnically significant information.
Section: PERSONAL DAYS IN HISTORY
Critical review of the monograph by N.P.Peshkova, A.A.Avakyan, I.V.Kirsanova, I.N.Rybka “Text and its understanding: theoretical and experimental research in terms of integrative approach” (science editor – Doctor Litterarum, Professor N.P.Peshkova) 160
Tregoubov A. N.