№4 (48): Философия. Социология. Политология

CONTENTS

Section: THEORIES AND METHODOLOGY IN SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN SCEINCES

Stratification of information society 4

M.G.Bresler
The article analyzes the changes in social structure at the contemporary phase of information society development. Special attention is paid to the characteristics of cognitariat – the productive class of information society.

Structure of political culture as estimated by the scholars 7

V.A.Zimin
The article gives a review of various theoretical approaches of domestic and foreign scholars to the structure of political culture. The author analyzes many elements of political culture and singles out the principal ones in contemporary world.

J.G.Fichtes’s views on philosophy of law: brief review 13

A.А.Isayev
The author explores J.G.Fichte’s contribution to the theory of law within the German classical philosophy. The idea is that the problems of social life was a matter of his concern in the course of entire career. The author concludes that Fichte added sufficiently to the theory of State and law to consider him one of the most prominent figures in world legal science.

Fundamentals of restrictive social control theory 18

Yu.Yu.Komlev
The paper reveals the logic and essentials of the theory of restrictive social control at the three levels of social restraint: personal, group, and institutional. The theory is synthesized within the framework of integrative prospect on the congregative basis of «restriction» concept.

The notion of the ideal in the philosophic system of G.W.F.Hegel 22

A.N.Koryaghin
The article is an endeavor to learn upon the way G.W.F.Hegel understood the nature of the ideal. Analyzing his works the author reveals that the philosopher saw the sense and purpose of the ideal in showing the mechanism of transition of determinate being into reality, into distinct object possessing relevant qualitative and quantitative characteristics.

Methodological basis for the formation of new management model 27

G.F.Kungourtseva
The paper analyzes the features of contemporary Russian management culture. The author claims the need for a new model of this culture, which should be based on the intellectual management paradigm and capable to create conditions for the reproduction and development of the intellectual potential of personality and society, as well as of maximal effective use thereof in terms of general welfare strategy.

Regional elites in Russia in the period of political reforms in the first decade of XXI century 33

V.P.Mokhov
The article shows the evolution of relations of regional elites with the federal center under the influence of political reforms in the first decade of XXI century. The author concludes that exigencies of country’s modernization determine a switchover to a new modification of said relations.

M.S.Gorbachev: add-up to political portrait 40

N.N.Razuvayeva
The paper offers political portrait of M.S.Gorbachev basing on the analysis of socio-political situation in the country in the late 80-s–90-s of XX century. It also contains the estimates of his efforts by various authors.

Ontological basis for the idea of federalism in terms of philosophy of law 50

R.Yu.Rakhmatoullin, E.R.Semyonova
The paper explores the metaphysical principles of system formation out of its elements, which stay beyond politics and law. Archetypes are regarded as structuring sources that generate a system. The study results are projected onto society to explain such phenomenon as a federative state.

Capability rent as social phenomenon 55

V.A.Tomilov
The article explores the conditions, when a rent becomes capability rent, as well as takes the form of socio-economic rent. The author shows the factors, which promote sufficient and optimal performance in the human joint work effort. He also demonstrates that sufficient performance provides subsistence of contemporary society, whereas optimal performance contributes to its development.

Unconventional ethics as a necessary element of nonclassical scientific paradigm 60

A.M.Khakimyanov
The article’s author examines the philosophical background of unconventional ethics and promotes the idea that its emersion is logically determined by the development of natural sciences and due to this it is adequate to the paradigm precisely of nonclassical science. He views ecological ethics and bioethics as the main trends in unconventional ethics.

Social technology of distributed network: ethno-cultural aspect 66

N.A.Shangareyev, E.F.Abdrakhimov
The paper analyzes social medium and the mechanism of information storage existing in it. The authors state that the easiest way of information storage is the distributed network technology, which comes into being as a means of social medium protection and provides its progressive advance because each generation receives certain volume of information, which only must only be expanded.

Section: APPLICATION (PARTICULAR) ASPECTS OF SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN SCI-ENCES

Protopolitical concepts in the folklore of the Bashkirs 73

A.M.Bouskunov
The article explores the worldview background in the folklore of the Bashkirs on the basis of oral and written sources, which reflect the ethnogenesis of the Bashkirs, the formation history of consolidated Bashkir ethnic communion. Popular protopolitical concepts are shown from the analysis of the folk creations «Ural Batyr», «Aldar and Zuhra», «Kuzykourpyas and Mayanhyl», «Idoukay and Muradym» and others.

State HR policy as a factor of national security promotion in Russia 79

Kh.A.Valeyev
The paper analyzes the state of contemporary HR policy as one of the factors of national security promotion in Russia and presents the problems in this field, which require profound research and solution. The author concludes that the efficiency of public administration in the country may only be provided by scientifically based, clearly designed and organized HR policy.

Problems of information support of social protection system of the elderly in a Russian region (following the opinion survey in the Republic of Bashkortostan) 85

R.R.Gallyamov, G.G.Akhmetshina
The article dwells on the problems of information support of social protection system of senior citizens in a Russian region exemplified by the Republic of Bashkortostan. Conclusions and key points of the article are based on the results of two representative surveys held by the authors.

Features of socialization process in the contemporary Russian society 91

T.S.Goguzeva, E.A.Romanova
The authors, basing on the socio-philosophic analysis, review the problems and features of socialization in the contemporary Russian society, showing the role of major institutions of socialization and principal difficulties these traditional institutions encounter in the contemporary world.

Identity of students in private specialized secondary schools [SSS] (pilot opinion survey among the students of private SSS in the Republic of Bashkortostan) 96

Т.А.Daoutova
The paper is based on the empiric material obtained from the opinion survey held by the author and offers a social portrait of students taught in private specialized secondary schools: their social status, motives for choosing this type of educational institution, vocational preferences etc.

Technology of competitive professionals’ preparation in the process of vocational education 101

T.G.Druzhinina
The paper analyzes theoretic and methodological aspects of the social problem, which is the issue of the day in contemporary Russia, i.e. preparation of competitive professionals in the vocational education system, as well as its state and practical solution in the developed countries. The author also gives recommendations on the technology improvement in this system.

Influence of young visually impaired invalids employment on their social rehabilitation in the contemporary society 105

Е.А.Zhdanova, I.I.Moukhametova
The paper is an endeavor to assess the influence of young visually impaired invalids employment on their social adaptation on the basis of a survey held among the members of the Republic of Bashkortostan Blind Association and the invalids studying at the Bashkir Medical College.

Section: ABROAD

The concept of «e-Readiness» in the foreign research on information society 109

R.R.Iskhakov
The paper analyzes the understanding of «e-Readiness» term in a series of foreign researches on information society. The author offers the examples of theoretic and methodological researches on the matter and countries ranking by «e-Readiness» based on them.

Section: YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Testing and improvement of labor motivation of civil officers:pilot sociological analysis 114

Е.I.Vasilyeva
The paper presents the results of applied opinion survey held in the Sverdlovsk Region Government executive bodies in 2010. The author diverts from classical, universal concepts of labor motivation studies and offers his own method as applied to civil officers. Basing on the obtained data he elaborates recommendations that concern the personnel of governmental authorities.

Young family: problems and prospects of social support 119

N.U.Vasilyeva
The article shows the results of opinion survey of young families in the city of Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, held to reveal their problems and prospects of social support from all administration levels.

Goals and objectives of PR in the Internal Affairs Agencies 125

M.S.Voronina.
The paper reviews the content and specific character of PR in the Internal Affairs Agencies, analyzes their goals and objectives, the ways of using PR technologies to strengthen the collaboration of law enforcement agencies with the population.

Structural and procedural approaches as methodological basis for the analysis of post-soviet political transformations 129

N.E.Gareyeva
The article dwells on the issues of democratization process in the territory of ex-URSS countries, analyzes the main approaches (structural and procedural), which explain its content and contributing factors, underlining though their incomplete efficiency in the analysis of post-soviet transitions.

Innovation as a form of social management 132

Е.V.Krasnova
The article presents a brief analysis of innovative activity as a particular form of social management, which promotes the elaboration and introduction of the latest scientific and technical achievements into the technosphere of the contemporary post-industrial Russian economy that is now being formed.

Specially organized correction-and-development activity as a regulating mechanism in socialization of handicapped preschoolers (sociological aspect)) 136

N.V.Toulenkova
The author basing on the available research results and personal working experience in a correctional kindergarten analyzes the peculiarities of socialization of handicapped children, when aided by the collaboration of the family and specialized preschool educational institution.

Financial panic as social phenomenon 142

А.I.Fatikhov
The paper reveals the nature of financial panic as a social phenomenon. The author gives his own definition of financial panic and its structure and that helps to better understand the essence of this phenomenon and its forms.

The features of formation and functioning of civil society in contemporary Russia 145

R.R. Yakovlev
The article analyses the major institutions of civil society in contemporary Russia essential for the development of democracy and formation of rule-of-law state. The author underlines that the State in the Russian Federation plays the most important role in the formation of said institutions and determines their main development trends, which brings about both positive and negative consequences. He thus concludes that the society must resort to self-organization, and multiple non-governmental organizations, associations, cooperative formations etc. may and must become the keystones of civil society, because the civic engagement must come from below.

Section: PERSONAL DAYS IN HISTORY

Philosopher M.K.Mamardashvili 152

Садыкова Л.Г.

Section: RESEARCH

Critical review of the manual by V.D.Golikov,G.A.Kabkovich, S.V.Yegoryshev, S.V.Golikov “Creative sociology» 155

Bikmetov E.Yu.

One more milestone in spiritual and cultural renaissance of nationalities and regions in Russia 158

Yamalov M.B.